Bangkok is the name of the district across the river from the capitol of Thailand. The Capital is known as, bear with me I'm a bit rusty, กรุงเทพมหานคร อมรรัตนโกสินทร์ มหินทราอยุธยามหาดิลก ภพนพรัตน์ ราชธานีบุรีรมย์ อุดมราชนิเวศน์ มหาสถาน อมรพิมาน อวตารสถิต สักกะทัตติยะ วิษณุกรรมประสิทธิ์ (I think thats close). You will see it as กรุงเทพมหานคร on some signs and documents, transliterated as Krung Thep Mahanakhon, but it is most commonly referred to as กรุงเทพฯ or Krung Thep transliterated.
Also note that transliteration is tough. To pronounce the ก in กรุงเทพ it isn't a hard K nor is it a G as I've seen some people write it, it is a very soft k but close to g as well, hmmm hard to explain. The ร or r also isn't really an R, its a quick flick of your tongue on the roof of your mouth with a subtle r sound. While Thai is tonal like many other Asian languages, it is a very soft language and not harsh at all. I don't like the sound of most of the asian languages, but Thai is a beautiful language. Most of the pronunciations are done very soft, Such as เทพ or Thep, it's not the english TH sound as in THe, it also isn't a had T like Toad. It's a wispy "T" with an audible exhale folllowed by something close to an "e" as in End, but also close to an "a" as in A apple then ending with a soft "p".
If you ever get a chance to listen to a thai, listen to them very close, it is such a great language.
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